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Island gray fox

Urocyon littoralis (Baird, 1858)

Island gray fox diorama in the North American Mammal Hall

Scene:

 San Nicolas Island, California

Background artist:

 Robert Russell Reid

Channel Island foxes are mostly nocturnal, with a range of up to one square mile. They mark their territories by urine and feces left on conspicuous land features and climb trees well.

Native Americans used Channel island fox fur for arrow-quivers, capes, blankets, and headdresses for ceremonial dances. They were also kept as pets. Native Americans used the island fox in their religious and ceremonial practices where they served as totems, dream-helpers, and legendary characters.


Biological Information

Range map for the island gray fox

Range:

The larger California Channel Islands: Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, Sam Miguel, Sanra Catalina, San Nicolas, and San Clemente

Habitat:

All available island habitats

Status:

Threatened but stable

Diet:

Deer mice, birds, lizards, insects and seasonally available fruits and berries

Further information about this species may be found on the Animal Diversity Web page for island gray fox.