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Recreating Nature Indoors

Ever wonder who made the dioramas in our mammal halls? Read all about the artists who created these wonderful scenes. Learn more >

The Making of a Diorama

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Pronghorn antelope

Antilocapra americana (Ord, 1815)

Pronghorn antelope diorama in the North American Mammal Hall

Scene:

 High country northwest of Flagstaff, Arizona; Kaibab National Forest and San Francisco Peaks in background

Sponsor:

 Robert Elder and George G. Wurtzburger

Background artist:

 Clark M. Provins

Pronghorns are placed in their own family, the Antilocapridae, to distinguish them from antelopes (Family Bovidae) or deer (Family Cervidae). True antelopes and cattle have unbranched horns that are enclosed in a keratinous horn sheath. Deer have branched antlers that are shed annually. Pronghorns have branched horns and shed their horn sheaths annually. Remains of the living pronghorn species and an extinct dwarf form are both found in the La Brea Tar Pits.


Biological Information

Range map for the pronghorn antelope

Range:

Southwest Canada, western United States and northern Mexico

Habitat:

Deserts and grasslands

Status:

Sonoran subspecies endangered but otherwise no special concern

Diet:

Shrubs, grasses and forbs

Further information about this species may be found on the Animal Diversity Web page for pronghorn.