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Rancho La Brea Birds

= extinct,

= Holocene record only

 

Order Podicipediformes (grebes)

Family Podicipedidae

Podilymbus podiceps (Linnaeus, 1758)

Podiceps sp.

 

Order Pelecaniformes (pelicans, cormorants, and anhingas)

Family Phalacrocoracidae

Phalacrocorax sp.

 

Order Ardeiformes (herons and ibis)

Family Ardeidae

Ardea herodias Linnaeus, 1758

Botaurus lentiginosus (Rackett, 1813)

Butorides striatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Casmerodius albus Linnaeus, 1758

Egretta thula (Molina, 1782)

E. caerulea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Family Threskiornithidae (Plataleidae)

Ajaia ajaja (Linnaeus, 1758)

Plegadis chihi (Vieillot, 1817)

 

Order Anseriformes (ducks, geese, and swans)

Family Anatidae

Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758

A. strepera Linnaeus, 1758

A. crecca Linnaeus, 1758

A. cyanoptera (?) Vieillot, 1816

A. clypeata Linnaeus, 1758

Anser albifrons (Scopoli, 1769)

Aythya valisineria Wilson, 1814

Anabernicula gracilenta (Ross, 1935) †

Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Branta cf. B. bernicla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Chen caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758)

C. rossi (Cassin 1861)

Cygnus columbianus (Ord, 1815)

 

Order Ciconiiformes (storks, vultures, and teratorns)

Family Ciconiidae

Ciconia maltha Miller, 1910 †

 Mycteria wetmorei Howard, 1935 †

 

Family Teratornithidae

Cathartornis gracilis Miller, 1910 †

Teratornis merriami Miller, 1909 †

 

Family Vulturidae (Cathartidae)

Breagyps clarki (Miller), 1910 †

Coragyps occidentalis (Miller), 1909 †

Cathartes aura (Linnaeus, 1758)

Gymnogyps amplus Miller, 1911 †

 

Order Accipitriformes (hawks, eagles, and falcons) 

Family Accipitridae

Accipiter gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

A. striatus velox (Vieillot, 1807)

A. cooperii (Bonaparte, 1828)

Aquila chrysaetos (Linnaeus, 1758)

Buteo jamaicensis (Gmelin, 1788)

B. swainsoni Bonaparte, 1838

B. lagopus (Pontoppidan, 1763)

B. regalis (Gray, 1844)

Buteo sp.

Buteogallus fragilis (Miller, 1911) †

Circus cyaneus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Elanus caeruleus (Desfontaines, 1789)

Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Amplibuteo woodwardi (Miller, 1911) †

Wetmoregyps daggetti (Miller, 1915) †

Spizaetus grinnelli (Miller, 1911) †

Neogyps errans (Miller, 1916) †

Neophrontops americanus Miller, 1916†

 

Family Falconidae

Falco columbarius Linnaeus, 1758

F. mexicanus Schlegel, 1851

F. peregrinus Tunstall, 1771

F. sparverius Linnaeus, 1758

Falco sp.

Polyborus plancus (Miller, 1777)

 

Order Galliformes (quails and turkeys)

Family Phasianidae

Meleagris californica (Miller, 1909) †

Callipepla californica (Shaw, 1798)

 

Order Gruiformes (cranes, coots, and rails)

Family Rallidae

Fulica americana (Gmelin, 1789)

 

Family Gruidae

Grus canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758)

G. americana (Linnaeus, 1758)

G. pagei Campbell, 1995

 

Order Charadriiformes (plovers, shorebirds, and gulls)

Family Charadriidae

Charadrius vociferus Linnaeus, 1758

Pluvialis squatarola (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Family Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostra americana Gmelin, 1789

 

Family Scolopacidae

Calidris alba (Pallas, 1764)

C. alpina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Catoptrophorus semipalmatus (Gmelin, 1789)

Gallinago gallinago delicata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Limnodromus griseus (Gmelin, 1789)

Limosa fedoa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Numenius americanus (Bechstein, 1812)

N. phaeopus hudsonicus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Tringa melanoleuca (Gmelin, 1789)

Phalaropus fulicarius (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Family Laridae

Larus canus Linnaeus, 1758 ¶

Rissa tridactyla (Linnaeus, 1758) ¶

 

Order Columbiformes (pigeons and doves)

Family Columbidae

Columba fasciata Say, 1823

Ectopistes migratorius (Linnaeus, 1766) †

Zenaida macroura (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Order Cuculiformes (roadrunners)

Family Cuculidae

Geococcyx californianus (Lesson, 1829)

 

Order Strigiformes (owls)

Family Tytonidae

Tyto alba (Scopoli, 1769)

 

Family Strigidae

Aegolius acadicus (Gmelin, 1788)

Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763)

Athene cunicularia (Molina, 1782)

Bubo virginianus (Gmelin, 1788)

Glaucidium gnoma Wagler, 1832

Otus asio (Linnaeus, 1758)

Strix brea Howard, 1933 † (Campbell, Jr., K. E. and Z. E. Bochenski. 2010) 

 

Order Caprimulgiformes (poorwills and nightjars)

Family Caprimulgidae

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii (Audubon, 1844)

 

Order Piciformes (woodpeckers)

Family Picidae

Colaptes auratus cafer (Linnaeus, 1758)

Dryocopus pileatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Melanerpes lewisi (Gray, 1849)

Picoides sp.

Sphyrapicus sp.

 

Order Passeriformes (songbirds)

Family Tyrannidae

Tyrannus vociferans Swainson, 1826

 

Family Alaudidae

Ermophila alpestris (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Family Corvidae

Aphelocoma coerulescens (Bosc, 1795)

A. coerulescens californica

Corvus corax Linnaeus, 1758

C. cryptoleucus Couch, 1854

C. brachyrhynchos Brehm, 1822

C. caurinus Baird, 1858

Cyanocitta stelleri (Gmelin, 1788)

Nucifraga columbiana (Wilson, 1811)

Pica nuttalli (Audabon, 1837)

 

Family Paridae

Parus sp. cf. P. gambeli Ridgeway, 1866

 

Family Muscicapidae

Sialia sp. cf. S. mexicana Swainson, 1832

Turdus migratorius Linnaeus, 1766

 

Family Mimidae

Oreoscoptes montanus (Townsend, 1837)

Toxostoma redivivum (Gambel, 1845)

 

Family Bombycillidae

Bombycilla cedrorum (Vieillot, 1808)

 

Family Laniidae

Lanius ludovicianus Linnaeus, 1766

 

Family Emberizidae

Parulinae gen. sp. indet.

Pheucticus melanocephalus (Swainson, 1827)

Amphispiza bilineata (Cassin, 1850)

A. belli (Cassin, 1850)

Chondestes grammacus (Say, 1823)

Melospiza melodia (Wilson, 1810)

Passerella iliaca (Merrem, 1786)

Pipilo erythrophthalamus (Linnaeus, 1758)

P. fuscus Swainson, 1827

P. angelensis Dawson, 1948 †

Pooecetes gramineus (Gmelin, 1789)

Spizella passerina (Bechstein, 1798)

Spizella sp.

Zonotrichia leucophrys (Forster, 1772)

Agelaius sp. cf. A. phoeniceus californicus (?)

Euphagus magnirostris Miller, 1929 †

Icterus spp.

Molothrus ater (Boddaert, 1783)

Sturnella neglecta Audabon, 1844

Xanthocephalus sp.

Pandanaris convexa

 

Family Fringillidae

Carduelis pinus (Wilson, 1810)

C. tristis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Coccothraustes vespertinus (Cooper, 1825)

Fringillidae gen. and spp. indet.

 

Reference

Stock, C. 1992. Rancho La Brea: A record of Pleistocene life in California. 7th ed. Revised by J.M. Harris. Science Series no.37. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 113 pp.